Football Athletic Games

Football Athletic Games

 

The major origins of football games developed as modern sports competitions held in the stadiums are from Western Europe, especially in England.

 

In addition, there are sports and events, that kick the ball with the feet, developed independently from the ancient time around the world.

 

Football Athletic Games, which physically exercise in practice, include the following lists.

 

The codes of modern football:

Propulsive Football (PROBALL)

 

 

Association football (Soccer)

Association football is simply called Football in many countries while Soccer is more familiar in some countries.

 

History:

The rules of Association football were originally established by the Football Association in London, England in 1863.

The oldest competition is the FA Cup first held in England in 1872. The first official international game was also played in 1872. The encounter between Scotland and England in Glasgow ended with scoreless draw.

 

The first league was formed in Birmingham, England in 1888 with the initiative of William McGregor, the director of Aston Villa. 12 clubs from Midlands and Northern England participated in the league the and the first league champion team was the Preston North End FC, who also won the FA Cup in the same season. Women’s football became very popular toward early 1920’s and attracted over 50,000 audience in number of occasions in England, however saw the long decline later. Great Britain had the presences in many parts of the world during 19th and 20th centuries, and found that the Association football was accepted by local peoples while they enjoyed the game.

 

Organisations:

The global governing body of Association football, FIFA (Fédération Internationale de Football Association; International Federation of Association Football) was established in 1904 and based in Zurich, Switzerland. Member associations were just 8 European countries at the beginning and have grown to more than 200 members.

 

There are 6 regional confederations under the umbrella of the FIFA across the world as follows.

AFC (Asian Football Confederation).

CAF (Confederation of African Football).

UEFA (Union of European Football Associations).

CONCACAF (Confederation of North, Central American and Caribbean Association Football).

OFC (Oceania Football Confederation).

CONMEBOL (Confederación Sudamericana de Fútbol; Confederação Sul-americana de Futebol; South American Football Confederation).

 

There are 211 national (regional)football associations affiliated with FIFA, which are more than the number of member states of the United Nations.

 

Competitions:

The World Cup is organised every 4 years by FIFA. The first world cup took place in Uruguay in 1930 and Uruguay became the first world champions after defeating Argentina in the final. Football is also played in Summer Olympic Games since 1900. Women’s football was first selected for the Olympic games in 1996.

 

The continental championships are organised by each continental confederation every 4 years namely

the Asian Cup (AFC),

the African Cup of Nations (CAF),

the European Championship (UEFA),

the CONCACAF Gold Cup (CONCACAF),

the OFC Nations Cup (OFC) and

the Copa América (CONMEBOL).

The winners of the 6 continental championships compete in the FIFA Confederations Cup.

 

There are club competitions in each continent.

The Asian Champions League (AFC),

the Africa Champions League (CAF),

the European Champions League (UEFA),

the CONCACAF Champions League (CONCACAF),

the Oceania Champions League (OFC) and

the Copa Libertadores (CONMEBOL)

take place annually. The winners of these continental club competitions participate in the FIFA Club World Cup.

 

Each national association organises domestic leagues respectively. Due to the high popularity of Association football and resources available, Europe is said to be the capital of club football acquiring many of the best footballers from all around the world. Particularly the 5 big leagues, Spanish league (La Liga), English league (Premiership), German league (Bundesliga), Italian league (Serie A) and French league (Ligue 1), are influential and attract many global audiences. Brazilian league (Campeonato Brasileiro Série A) is very competitive domestic league as well although clubs release many of their best players to European leagues every year.

 

Association football (Soccer) variants

Beach soccer (Beach football, Beasal)

Five-a-side football

Futsal (Footsal)

 

Futebol de salao

 

Minivoetbal

 

Papi fut (Papi futbol, Futbol 5)

 

Minifootball (Indoor soccer, Arena soccer, Floorball, Fast football=Futbol rapido, Showball=Showbol, Futbol indoor, Futbito)

 

5-a-side

 

Paralympic Games Football

 

Blind soccer

 

Cerebal palsy football (CP football)

 

Amputee football

 

Deaf football

 

Wheelchair soccer

 

Powerchair football (Power soccer)

 

Street football (Street soccer)

 

Rush goalie (Fly goalie, Fly keeper)

 

Header and volley

 

Walking football

 

Crab football (Crab soccer)

 

Swamp football (Swanp soccer)

 

Jorkyball

 

Bubble football (Bubble soccer, Bubbleball, Airball soccer)

 

Three sided football (3SF)

 

Wembley (Wembo, FA, knock-outs, Cuppy, Worldy, Knocky-outy, World Cup Willy, Wurly)

 

Keepie uppie (Keep-Ups, Kick-ups)

 

One bounce

 

 

Rugby football

Rugby, the name is after the town of Rugby in Warwickshire, England, where it was first played. A student at the Rugby School called William Webb Ellis picked up the ball in hands and started running. This popular story about the derivation of the modern Rugby football is said to have happened in 1823.

 

English clubs established the RFU (Rugby Football Union) in 1871. The formation of the NU (Northern Rugby Football Union) was followed in 1892 to introduce the professionalism. This historical incident made Rugby football into 2 major codes, namely Rugby union and Rugby league.

 

Rugby football uses the prolate spheroid shaped ball and disallow forward passing while allow running with the ball in hands. These are the common characteristics of Rugby football.

 

The ancient Roman ball game Harpastum, possibly inspired by the Greek ball games Episkyros and Phaininda, is said to appear similar to Rugby football.

 

Rugby union

 

Rugby union variants

Rugby sevens

 

Rugby tens (Ten-a-side, Xs)

 

Mini rugby (New Image Rugby, Dragon rugby, Walla rugby)

 

Rugby league

 

Rugby league variants

Rugby league sevens

 

Rugby league nines

 

Beach rugby

 

Force back (Forcing back, Forcemanback, Force ’em backs)

 

Touch rugby (Touch football, Touch footy, Touch, Six down, Sixes)

 

League tag

 

Tag rugby (Flag rugby)

 

OzTag

 

Mini tag

 

Wheelchair rugby league

 

Universal football

 

 

Gridiron football (North American football)

Gridiron football, namely American and Canadian football are the derivatives of Rugby football and Association football and evolved in their own directions over the long period of time in the North America.

 

American football fields 11 players per team while 1 team is 12 players in Canadian football. The Canadian football had more unique features before. But it’s becoming more similar to the American football since it imported some of the rules from the USA.

 

The common features include the use of the hard body protections such as a helmet and pads. Forward passing and downs were also invented. The Gridiron football uses smaller oval shaped ball with both ends pointed. This makes the long distance 1 hand passing possible. The Rectangular field with lines looks like the grid.

 

The international sporting body is the IFAF (International Federation of American Football) and organises IFAF World Championship of American Football.

 

American football

 

American football variants

Nine-man football

 

Eight-man football

 

Six-man football

 

Flag football

 

Beach flag football

 

Touch football

 

Arena football (Indoor football)

 

Street football (Backyard football, Sandlot football)

 

Austus

 

Canadian football

 

Canadian Nine-man football

 

Canadian flag football

 

 

Gaelic football

Gaelic Football is the contact sport. Shoulder charge to the ball carrier and the ball slapping are possible. However, the body contacts allowed are less than some of the football codes such as Australian football.

 

The All-Ireland Senior Championship and the National Football League are competed by counties. All-Ireland Club Championship is competed by clubs. All-Ireland Senior Championship is the biggest competition.

 

History:

Gaelic Football is originated in Ireland. The description made in year 1308 about Football of Ireland can be found. The game played between Louth and Meath at Slane in 1712 is the earliest recorded inter-county game. 6-a-side football was often played around the beginning of 18th century.

 

Today’s form of Gaelic Football was established during the 1880’s. GAA (Gaelic Athletic Association), the sporting body that organises major Gaelic games, codified Gaelic Football in 1887. GAA governs the Gaelic Football till date. Gaelic Football strictly maintains amateurism under the regulation of the GAA. Players of all levels are prohibited to receive any form of payment toward the commitments although high profile games attract large audiences.

 

 

Ladies’ Gaelic football

Ladies’ Gaelic football is the version of Gaelic football made more suitable for female players and body contacts are minimal. The Ladies’ Gaelic Football Association is in charge of managing Ladies’ Gaelic football. Ladies’ Gaelic football is played in different places around the world.

 

 

International rules football

The International rules football is the hybrid sport invented in order to make the international games playable between the Australian football team and the Gaelic Football team. The national team for Ireland is selected by the GAA (Gaelic Athletic Association).

 

 

Australian football (Australian rules football, Aussie rules)

Australian football is said to be the most popular sport in Australia and the Australian Football League (AFL) is the biggest competition, which is professional. The AFL Grand Final is held at the Melbourne Cricket Ground every year, attracting the large crowd. The AFL Grand Final is the highest attended club championship in the world. The largest attendance record of the AFL Grand Final is 121,696 when the game between Collingwood and Carlton was played in 1970.

 

History:

The Football game was held in Melbourne, Victoria in 1858, which was influenced by the English school game. The modification of rules was made after the event and Melbourne Football Club announced the first laws of Australian football in 1859, which is said to be the first written code among the modern football games presently flourishing in the world.

 

The Australasian Football Council was formed in 1890. The IAFC (International Australian Football Council) was established in 1995 as the global governing body and organised events such as The Australian Football International Cup. It functioned until 2002. Later the organisation name was changed to the Aussie Rules International and operates only for development and promotion purposes. The AFL (Australian Football League) governs Australian football globally today.

 

Australian football (Aussie rules) variants

Lightning football

 

Nine-a-side footy

 

Rec footy (Recreational football, Recreational footy)

 

Samoa rules

 

Metro footy (Metro rules footy)

 

AFL Masters (Masters Australian football, Superules)

 

Touch Aussie rules

 

Auskick (Vickick, Kiwikick, Footywild)

 

Kick-to-kick

 

Longest-kick competition

 

Handball competition

 

Universal football

 

Austus

 

International rules football

The International rules football is the hybrid sport invented in order to make the international games playable between the Australian football team and the Gaelic Football team. The national team for Ireland is selected by the GAA (Gaelic Athletic Association).

 

 

Hybrid football games:

Wheelchair rugby (Murderball, Quad rugby)

 

Cycle ball (Radball)

 

Motorsports football

 

Motorcycle football (Motorball, Motorcycle soccer)

 

Car football

 

Speedball

 

Freestyle football (Freestyle soccer)

 

Footbag (Hacky sack)

 

Footbag net

 

Bossaball

 

Footvolley

 

Football tennis (Futnet)

 

Jokgu

 

Kickball (Kick baseball, Soccer baseball)

 

Footgolf

 

Codeball (Codeball-on-the-green)

 

Codeball-on-the-court

 

Volata

 

Bandy

 

Universal football

 

Austus

 

International rules football

 

 

Old football games:

Classic football games, leading to the modern football:

Cambridge rules

 

Sheffield rules

 

UK school games existing till date:

Eton field game

 

Eton wall game

 

Harrow football (Footer)

 

Winchester College football (Winkies, WinCoFo)

 

Ancient and medieval football games existing till date:

UK

Haxey Hood

 

Bottle-kicking

 

Shrove Tuesday games

 

Royal Shrovetide Football (Ashbourne game, Hugball)

 

Scoring the Hales (The Alnwick Shrovetide Football Match)

 

Sedgefield Ball Game

 

Atherstone Ball Game

 

Uppies and Downies

 

Shrove Tuesday Football Ceremony of the Purbeck Marblers (Masonic ceremonial)

 

Cnapan

 

Hurling the Silver Ball (Hurling, Cornish hurling)

 

Saint Columb Major hurling

 

Saint Ives hurling

 

Bodmin hurling

 

Kirkwall Ba Game

 

Scottish Borders Ba Game

 

Duns Ba Game

 

Jedburgh Ba Game

 

Scone Ba Game

 

Carterhaugh Ba Game

 

Hobkirk Handba Game

 

Italy

Calcio Fiorentino

 

France

La Soule (Choule)

 

Georgia

Lelo burti

 

Mesoamerica

Ulama

 

Norway

Basse

 

New Zealand

Ki-o-rahi

 

India

Yubi lakpi

 

Southeast Asia

Sepak takraw (Kick volleyball, Sepak raga,Takraw, Kataw)

 

Myanmar

Chinlone (Caneball)

 

Korea

Jegichagi

 

China

Jianzi

 

China, Japan, Korea, Vietnam

Cuju (Kemari)

 

Football games of prehistoric, ancient, medieval and early modern periods:

UK, Europe

Mob football (Shrovetide football, Folk football, Medieval football)

 

Greece

Episkyros

 

Phaininda

 

Italy

Harpastum (Harpustum)

 

USA

Old division football

 

Pahsaheman

 

Greenland, Canada

Aqsaqtuk

 

Iceland

Knattleikr

 

Ireland

Caid

 

Australia

Marn Grook

 

 

Author: Takuya Nagata

Once played soccer for one of the biggest football clubs in Japan. Retired at young and voyaged alone to England and graduated from the UK’s university. Established careers as football journalist, football coach, football consultant, etc. across Europe such as Spain. Played rugby union since moving to the UK and investigated various codes of football. Knowledgeable in creative and online industries as well. The founder of “Propulsive Football (PROBALL)“, the world’s first ever competitive mixed football facilitating diversity and spirits for equal participation of the society. The founder of Tact Nexus Group.

 

 

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